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Publications

2009

Chapters in books

Dawson, R. and Bateman, E.D. 2009. Tuberculosis in non-HIV immunosuppressed patients. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 60-571. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

Donald, P.R. and McIlleron, H. 2009. Antituberculosis drugs. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 608-617. Europe: Elsevier Inc. 9781416039884.

Khumalo, N. and Callender, V. 2008. Hair growth and disorders. In U. Blume-Peytavi, A. Tosti, D.A. Whiting and R. Trueb (eds), Hair Growth and Disorders, pp. 483-497. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 9783540469087.

Lawn, S.D. and Bekker, L. 2009. Co-pathogenesis of tuberculosis and HIV. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 96-106. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

Maartens, G., Nwaba, P. and Zumla, A. 2009. General approach to the patient. In G.C. Cook and A.I. Zumla (eds), Manson's Tropical Diseases, pp. 93-105. 22nd edition. India: Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 9781416039884.

Mayosi, B.M. 2009. Tuberculosis pericarditis and myocarditis in adults and children. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 351-360. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

McIlleron, H. 2009. Tuberculosis drug information. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 958-971. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

Meintjes, G. and Maartens, G. 2009. Deteriorating tuberculosis in a HIV-infected man despite treatment: Immune reconstitution, resistance, or drub malabsorption? In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 852-853. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

Reuter, H., Wood, R., Schaaf, H. and Donald, P.R. 2009. Overview of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in adults and children. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 377-390. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

Reuter, H. and Wood, R. 2009. Tuberculosis of lymph nodes and the reticuloendothelial system in adults. In H. Simon Schaaf and A.I. Zumla (eds), Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference, pp. 397-400. Europe: Elsevier Inc. ISBN 9781416039884.

Swanepoel, C.R., Blockman, M. and Talmud, J. 2008. Nephrotoxins in Africa. In M.E. de Broe and G.A. Porter (eds), Clinical Nephrotoxins: Renal injury from Drugs and Chemicals, pp. 859-870. 3rd Edition. USA: Springer Science + Business Media B.V. ISBN 9780387848426.

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

Abel, S., De Kock, M., van Schalkwyk, D.J., Swanevelder, S., Kew, M.C. and Gelderblom, W. 2009. Altered lipid profile, oxidative status and hepatitis B virus interactions in human hepatocellular carcinoma. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 81: 391-399.

Aboderin, I. and Ferreira, M. 2008. Linking Ageing to Development Agendas in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Approaches. Journal of Population Ageing, 1(1): 51-73.

Abrahams, M.H., Anderson, J., Giorgi, E.E., Seoighe, C., Mlisana, K., Ping, L.H., Athreya, G.S., Treurnicht, F., Keele, B.F., Wood, N., Salazar-Gonzalez, J.F., Bhattacharya, T., Chu, H., Hoffman, I., Galvin, S., Mapanje, C., Kazembe, P., Thebus, R., Fiscus, S., Hide, W., Cohen, M., Abdool Karim, S., Haynes, B.S., Shaw, G.M., Hahn, B.E., Korber, B.T.M., Swanstrom, R. and Williamson, C. 2009. Quantitating the Multiplicity of Infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtype C Reveals a Non-Poisson Distribution of Transmitted Variants. Journal of Virology, 83(8): 3556-3567.

Afolayan, A.F., Bolton, J.J., Lategan, C., Smith, P.J. and Beukes, D. 2008. Fucoxanthin, Tetraprenylated Toluquinone and Toluhydroquinone matablites from Sargassum heterophyllum inhibit the in vitro growth of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung C-A Journal of Biosciences, 63(11-12): 848-852.

Afolayan, A.F., Mann, M., Lategan, C.A., Smith, P.J., Bolton, J.J. and Beukes, D. 2009. Antiplasmodial halogenated monoterpenes from the marine red alga Plocamium cornutum.Phytochemistry, 70: 597-600.

Allen, E., Little, F., Camba, T., Cassam, Y., Raman, J., Boulle, A.M. and Barnes, K.I. 2009. Efficacy of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine with or without artesunate for the treatment of uncomlicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in southern Mozambique: a randomized controlled trial. Malaria Journal, 8:141. [Online]. http://www.malariajournal.com/content/8/1/141.

Alvarez-Madrazo, S., Padmanabhan, S., Mayosi, B.M., Watkins, H., Avery, P., Wallace, M.A., Fraser, R., Davies, E., Keavney, B. and Connell, J. 2009. Familial and Phennotypic Associations of the Aldosterone Renin Ratio. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 94(11): 4324-4333.

April, M.D., Walensky, R.P., Chang, y., Pitt, J.A., Freedberg, K.A., Losina, E., Paltiel, A.D. and Wood, R. 2009. HIV Testing Rates and Outcomes in a South African Community, 2001-2006: Implications for expanded Screening Policies. JAIDS-Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 51(3): 310-316.

Atkins, S.A., Lewin, S.A., Smith, H., Engel, M., Fretheim, A. and Volmink, J. 2008. Conducting a meta-ethnography of qualitative literature: Lessons learnt. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 8:21. [Online].http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/8/21.

Baatjies, R., Lopata, A.L., Sander, I., Raulf-Heimsoth, M., Bateman, E.D., Meijster, T., Heederik, D., Robins, T. and Jeebhay, M.F. 2009. Determinants of asthma phenotypes in supermarket bakery workers. European Respiratory Journal, 34(4): 825-833.

Bacaer, N., Ouifki, R., Pretorius, C., Wood, R. and Williams, B. 2008. Modeling the joint epidemics of TB and HIV in a South African township. Journal of Mathematical Biology, 57: 557-593.

Barnes, K.I., Chanda, P. and Barnabas, G.A. 2009. Impact of the large-scale deployment of  artemether/lumefantrine on the malaria disease burden in Africa: case studies of South Africa, Zambia and Ethopia. Malaria Journal, 8: doi:10.1186/1475-2875-8-SI-S8.

Barry, C.E., Boshoff, H.I., Dartois, V., Dick, T., Ehrt, S., Flynn, J., Schnappinger, D., Wilkinson, R.J. and Young, D.B. 2009. The spectrum of latent tuberculosis rethinking the biology and intervention strategies. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 7: 845-855.

Bateman, E.D., Feldman, C., Mash, R., Fairall, L., English, R. and Jithoo, A. 2009. Systems for the management of respiratory disease in primary care - an international series: South Africa. Primary Care Respiratory Journal, 18(2): 69-75.

Bateman, E.D., Rennard, S., Barnes, P.J., Dicpinigaitis, P.V., Gosens, R., Gross, N.J., Nadel, J.A., Pfeifer, M., Racke, K., Rabe, K., Rubin, B.K., Welte, T. and Wessler, I. 2009. Alternative mechanisms for tiotropuim. Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 22: 533-542.

Beale, J., Jeebhay, M.F. and Lopata, A.L. 2009. Characterisation of purified parvalbumin from five fish species and nucleotide sequencing of this major allergen from Pacific pilchard, Sardinops sagax. Molecular Immunology, 46(15): 2985-2993.

Benatar, S.R. and Doyal, L. 2009. Human Rights Abuses: Toward Balancing Two Perspectives. International Journal of Health Services, 39(1): 139-159.

Bendavid, E., Wood, R., Katzenstein, D.A., Bayoumi, A.M. and Owens, D.K. 2009. Expanding Antiretroviral Options in Resource-Limited Settings - A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Jaids-Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 52(1): 106-113.

Benito, N., Miro, J., De Lazzari, E., Cabell, C.H., de Rio, A., Altclas, J., Commerford, P.J., Delahaye, F., Dragulescu, S., Giamarellou, H., Habib, G., Kamarulzaman, A., Kumar, S., Nacinovich, F.M., Suter, F., Tribouiloy, C., Venugopal, K., Moreno, A. and Fowler Jr, V.G. 2009. Health care-associated native valce endocarditis: importance of non-nosocomial acquisition. Annals of Internal Medicine, 150(9): 586-594.

Berman, P., Collins, M., Baumgarten, I., Seoighe, C., Jennings, C., Joffe, Y., Lambert, E.V., Levitt, N.S., Faulenbach, M.V., Kahn, S.E. and Goedecke, J.H. 2009. Association between the 4bp proinsulin Gene Insertion polymorphism (IVS-69) and body composition in black South African women. Obesity, 17(6): 1298-1300.

Bethel, M.A., Deedwania, P., Levitt, N.S., Schmitz, O., Huntsman-Labed, A., Califf, R.M., Haffner, S.M. and Diem, P. 2009. Metabolic syndrome and alanine aminotransferase: a global perspective from the NAVIGATOR screening population. Diabetic Medicine, 26: 1204-1211.

Bicanic, T., Brouwer, A.E., Meintjes, G., Rebe, K., Limmathurotsakul, D., Chierakul, W., Teparrakkul, P., Loyse, A., White, N., Wood, R., Jaffar, S. and Harrison, T. 2009. Relationship of cerebrospinal fluid pressure, fungal burden and outcome in patients with cryptococcal meningitis undergoing serial lumbar punctures. AIDS, 23: 701-706.

Bicanic, T., Meintjes, G., Rebe, K., Williams, A., Loyse, A., Wood, R., Hayes, M., Jaffar, S. and Harrison, T. 2009. Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome in HIV-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis: A Prospective Study. JAIDS-Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 51(2): 130-134.

Bicanic, T., Moozora, C., Brouwer, A., Meintjes, G., Longley, N., Taseera, K., Rebe, K., Loyse, A., Jarvis, J.N., Bekker, L., Wood, R., Limmathurotsakul, D., Chierakul, W., Stepniewska, K., White, N., Jaffar, S. and Harrison, T. 2009. Independent Association between Rate of Clearance of Infection and Clinical Outcome of HIV-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis; Analysis of a Combined Cohort of 262 Patients. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 49: 702-709.

Brink, P. and Schwartz, P.J. 2009. Of founder population, long QT syndrome, and destiny. Heart Rhythm, 6: S25-S33.

Brinkhof, W., Boulle, A.M., Weigel, R., Messou, E., Mathers, C., Orrell, C., Dabis, F., Pascoe, M. and Egger, E. 2009. Mortality of HIV-Infected Patients Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Comparison with HIV-Unrelated Mortality. PloS Medicine, 6(4). doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000066.

Burch, V. 2009. Medical school admissions: where to next? Advances in Health Sciences Education, 14(1): 153-157.

Burch, V. and Norman, G.R. 2008. Turning words into numbers: establishing an empirical cut score for a letter graded examination. Medical Teacher, April: 1-5.

Burch, V., Rebe, K. and Wake, R.M. 2009. Patient perception of cervical screening among women living wih human immuno-deficiency virus infection attending an antiretroviral therapy clinic in urban South Africa. Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology, 29(1): 44-48.

Burgers, W., Chege, G., Muller, T.L., Van Harmelen, J.H., Khoury, G., Shephard, E.G., Gray, C., Williamson, C. and Williamson, A.-L. 2009. Broad, high-magnitude and multifunctional CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses elicited by a DNA and modified vaccinia Ankara vaccine containing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C genes in baboons. Journal of General Virology, 2(90): 468-480.

Burton, R., Gogela, N., Rebe, K., McNally, M. and Meintjes, G. 2009. Cryptococcal immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome presenting with erosive bone lesions, arthritis and subcutaneous abscesses. AIDS, 23: 2371-2376.

Carulei, O., Douglass, N. and Williamson, A.-L. 2009. Phylogenetic analysis of three genes of Penguinpox virus corresponding to Vaccinia virus G8R (VLTF-1), A3L (P4b) and H3L reveals that it is most closely related to Turkeypox virus, Ostrichpox virus and Pigeonpox virus. Virology Journal, 6:52. [Online].http://www.virologyj.com/content/6/1/52.

Chege, G., Thomas, R., Shephard, E.G., Meyers, A.E., Bourn, W.R., Williamson, C., Maclean, J., Gray, C., Rybicki, E.P. and Williamson, A.-L. 2009. A prime-boost immunisation regimen using recombinant BCG and Pr55gag virus-like particle vaccines based on HIV type 1 subtype C successfully elicits Gag-specific responses in baboons. Vaccine, 27: 4857-4866.

Chin'ombe, N., Bourn, W.R., Williamson, A.-L. and Shephard, E.G. 2009. An oral recombinant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium mutant elicits systemic antigenspecific CD8+ T cell cytokine responses in mice. Gut Pathogens, 1:9. doi:10.1186/1757-4749-1-9.

Chin'ombe, N., Bourn, W.R., Williamson, A.-L. and Shephard, E.G. 2009. Oral vaccination with a recombinant Salmonella vaccine vector provokes systemic HIV-1 subtype C Gagspecific CD4+ Th1 and Th2 cell immune responses in mice. Virology Journal, 6:97. [Online].http://www.virologyj.com/content/6/1/87.

Chopra, M., lawn, E., Sanders, D., Barron, P., Karim, S., Bradshaw, D., Jewkes, R., Abdool- Karim, Q., Flisher, A.J., Mayosi, B.M., Tollman, S., Churchyard, G.J. and Coovadia, H. 2009. Achieving the health Millennium Development Goals for South Africa: challenges and priorities. Lancet, 374: 1023-1031.

Chu, V.H., Miro, J., Hoen, B., Cabell, C.H., Pappas, P.A., Jones, P., Stryjewski, M.E., Anguera, I., Braun, S., Munoz, P., Commerford, P.J., Tornos, P., Francis, J., Oyonarte, M., Selton-Suty, C., Morris, A.J., Habib, G., Almirante, B., Sexton, D.J., Corey, G.R. and Fowler Jr, V.G. 2009. Coagulase-negative staphylococcal prosthetic valve endocardist: a contemporary update based on the international collaboration on endocarditis prospective cohorot study. Heart, 95: 570-576.

Cobat, a., Gallant, C.J., Simkin, L., Black, G., Stanley, K., Hughes, E.J., Doherty, T.M., Hanekom, W.A., Eley, B.S., Jais, J.P., Boland-Auge, A., Van Helden, P., Casanova, J., Abel, L., Hoal, E., Schurr, E. and Alcais, A. 2009. Two loci control tuberculin skin test reactivity in an area hyperendemic for tuberculosis. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 206(12): 2583-2591.

Cohen, K., Grant, A., Dandara, C., McIlleron, H., Pemba, L., Fielding, K.L., Charalombous, S., Churchyard, G., Smith, P.J. and Maartens, G. 2009. Effect of rifampicin-based antitubercular therapy and the cytochrome P450 2B6 516G>T polymorphism on efavirenz concentrations in adults in South Africa. Antiviral Therapy, 14: 687-695.

Connolly, S.J., Ezekowitz, M.D., Yusuf, S., Eikelboom, J., Oldgren, J., Parekh, A., Pogue, J., Reilly, P.A., Themeles, E., Verrone, J., Wang, S., Alings, M., Xavier, D., Zhu, J., Diaz, R., Lewis, B.S., Darius, H., Diener, H., Joyner, C.D., Wallentin, L. and Commerford, P.J. 2009. Dabigatran versus Warfarin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. New England Journal of Medicine, 361(12): 1139-1151.

Connolly, S.J., Pouge, J., Hart, R.G., Hohnloser, S.H., Pfeffer, M., Chrolavicius, S., Yusuf, S., Commerford, P.J., Okreglicki, A.M. and Mayosi, B.M. 2009. Effect of Clopidogrel Added to Aspirin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. New England Journal of Medicine, 360(20):2066-2078.

Cooper, D.D., Moodley, J.R., Zweigenthal, V., Bekker, L., Shah, I. and Myer, L. 2009. Fertility Intentions and Reproductive Health Care needs of People Living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa: Implications for Integrating reproductive Health and HIV Care Services. AIDS and Behavior, 13(1): S38-S46.

Cornell, M., Myer, L., Kaplan, R., Bekker, L. and Wood, R. 2009. The impact of gender and income on survival and retention in a South African antiretroviral therapy programme. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 14(7): 722-731.

Cornell, M., Technau, K., Fairall, L., Wood, R., Moultrie, H., Van Cutsem, G., Giddy, J., Mohapi, L., Eley, B.S., MacPhail, P., Prozesky, H., Rabie, H., Davies, M., Maxwell, N. and Boulle, A.M. 2009. Monitoring the South African National Antireteoviral Treatment Programme, 2003 - 2007: The IeDEA Southern Africa Collaboration. SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(9): 653-660.

Corrigall, A.V., Campbell, J., Siziba, K., Kirsch, R.E. and Meissner, P.N. 2009. The Expression of Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase in Human Tissues. Cellular and Molecular Biology, 55(2): 89-95.

Couillin, I., Vasseur, V., Charron, S., Gasse, P., Tavernier, M., Guillet, J., Lagente, v., Fick, L., Jacobs, M., Rodrigues Coelho, F., Moser, R. and Ryfel, B. 2009. IL-1R1/MyD88 Signalling Is Critical for Elastase-Induced Lung Inflammation and Emphysema. Journal of Immunology, 183: 8195-8202.

Coussens, A.K., Timms, P.M., Boucher, B.J., Venton, T.R., Ashcroft, A.T., Skolimowska, K., Newton, M., Wilkinson, K., Davidson, R., Griffiths, C., Wilkinson, R.J. and Martineau, A.R. 2009. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibits matrix metalloproteinases induced by Mycibacterium tuberculosis infection. Immunology, 127: 539-548.

Crotti, L., Lewandowska, M.A., Schwartz, P.J., Insolia, R., Pedrazzini, M., Bussani, E., Dagradi, F., George, A.L. and Pagani, F. 2009. A KCNH2 branch point mutation causing aberrant splicing contributes to an explanation of genotype-negative long QT syndrome. Heart Rhythm, 6: 212-218.

Crotti, L., Monti, M.C., Insolia, R., Peljto, A., Goosen, A., Brink, P., Greenberg, D.A., Schwartz, P.J. and George, A.L. 2009. NOSIAP Is a Genetic Modifier if the Long-QT Syndrome. Circulation, 120: 1657-1663.

Cunnington, M.S., Kay, C., Avery, P., Mayosi, B.M., Koref, M.S. and Keavney, B. 2009. STK39 polymorphisms and blood pressure: an association study in British Caucasians and assessment of cis-acting influences on gene expression. BMC Medical Genetics, 10:135. [Online].http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2350/10/135.

Cunnington, M.S., Mayosi, B.M., Hall, D., Avery, P., Farrall, M., Vickers, M.A., Watkins, H. and Keavney, B. 2009. Novel genetic variants linked to coronary artery disease by genomewide association are not associated with carotid artery intima-media thickness or intermediate risk phenotypes. Atherosclerosis, 203(1): 41-44.

Davids, L.M., Du Toit, E., Kidson, S.H. and Todd, G. 2009. A rare repigmentation pattern in a vitiligo patient: a clue to an epidermal stem-cell reservoir of melanocytes? Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, 34(2): 246-248.

Davies, M. and Meintjes, G. 2009. Editorial. Assessing the Contribution of the Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome to Mortality in Developing Country Antiretroviral Therapy Programs. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 49: 973-975.

Davies, M., Connell, T.G., Johannisen, C.F., Wood, K.A., Pienaar, S.M., Wilkinson, K., Wilkinson, R.J., Zar, H.J., Eley, B.S., Beatty, D.W., Curtis, N. and Nicol, M.P. 2009. Detection of tuberculosis in HIV-infected children using an enzyme-linked immunospot assay. AIDS, 23: 961-969.

Davies, M., Keiser, O., Technau, K., Eley, B.S., Rabie, H., Van Cutsem, G., Giddy, J., Wood  R., Boulle, A.M., Egger, M. and Moultrie, H. 2009. outcomes of the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme for Children: The IeDEA southern Africa collaboration. SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(10): 730-737.

Dawson, R., Condos, R., Tse, D., Huie, M.L., Ress, S.R., Tseng, C., Brauns, C., Weiden, M.D., Hoshino, Y., Bateman, E.D. and Rom, W.N. 2009. Immunomodulation with recombinant Interferon-y1b in Pulmonary Tuberculosis. PLoS ONE, 4(9): e6984.

Daya, R.B., Kibel, M.A., Pitcher, R., Workman, L.J., Douglas, T.S. and Sanders, V. 2009. A pilot study evaluating erect chest imaging in children, using the Lodox Statscan digital X-ray machine. SA Journal of Radiology, 13: 80-85.

De Ferrari, G.M. and Schwartz, P.J. 2009. Long QT syndrome, a purely electrical disease? Not anymore. European Heart Journal, 30: 253-255.

De Villiers, L., Kalula, S.Z. and Burch, V. 2009. Does multidisciplinary stroke care improve outcome in a secondary-level hospital in South Africa. International Journal of Stroke, 4(2):89-93.

Decloedt, E.H., Freercks, R. and Maartens, G. 2009. Cerebral angioedema associated with enalapril. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 68(2): 271-273.

Dheda, K. 2009. Extensively drug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis: what are these bugs up to in India? Indian Journal of Medical Research, 130: 357-358.

Dheda, K., Van Zyl-Smit, R., Badri, M. and Pai, M. 2009. T-cell interferon-y release assays for the rapid immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis: clinical utility in high-burden vs. low-burden settings. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, 15: 188-200.

Dheda, K., Van Zyl-Smit, R., Meldau, R., Meldau, S., Symons, G., Khalfey, H., Govender, N., Rosu, V., Sechi, L.A., Maredza, A., Semple, P.L., Whitelaw, A.C., Wainwright, H.C., Badri, M., Dawson, R., Bateman, E.D. and Zumla, A. 2009. Quantitative lung T cell responses aid the rapid diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Thorax, 64(10): 847-853.

Dheda, K., Van Zyl-Smit, R., Sechi, L.A., Badri, M., Meldau, R., Meldau, S., Symons, G., Semple, P.L., Maredza, A., Dawson, R., Wainwright, H.C., Whitelaw, A.C., Vallie, Y., Raubenheimer, P.J., Bateman, E.D. and Zumla, A. 2009. Utility of quantitative T-Cell responses versus unstimulated interferon-y for the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis. European Respiratory Journal, 34(5): 1118-1126.

Dheda, K., Van Zyl-Smit, R., Sechi, L.A., Badri, M., Meldau, R., Symons, G., Khalfey, H., Carr, I., Maredza, A., Dawson, R., Wainwright, H.C., Whitelaw, A.C., Bateman, E.D. and Zumla, A. 2009. Clinical Diagnostic Utility of IP-10 and LAM Antigen Levels for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Pleural Effusions in a High Burden Setting. PLoS ONE, 4(3): e4689.

D'hooge, M., Dekeukeleire, S., Mollet, K., Lategan, C.A., Smith, P.J., Chibale, K. and De Kimpe, N. 2009. Synthesis of Novel 2-Alkoxy-3-amino-3-arylpropan-1-ols and 5-Alkoxy-4arly-1-1,3-oxazinanes with Antimalarial Activity. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52(1):4058-4062.

D'souza, D.T.B., Mistry, N.F., Vira, T.S., Dholakia, Y., Hoffner, S., Pasvol, G., Nicol, M.P. and Wilkinson, R.J. 2009. High levels on multidrug resistant tuberculosis in new and treatment-failure patients from the revised national tuberculosis control programme in an urban metropolis (Mumbai) in Western India. BMC Public Health, 9:211. [Online].http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/9/211.

Du Toit, E.F., Genis, A., Opie, L.H., Pollesello, P. and Lochner, A. 2009. A role for the RISK pathway and K(ATP) channels in pre- and post-conditioning induced by levosimendan in the isolated guinea pig heart. British Journal of Pharmacology, 154(1): 41-50.

Duda, A., Lee-Turner, L., Fox, J., Robinson, N., Dustan, S., Kaye, S., Fryer, H., Carrington, M., McClure, M., Mclean, A.R., Fidler, S., Weber, J., Phillips, R.E., Frater, A.J., Wood, R., Pitt, J.A., Bekker, L., Aploon, J., Fielder, E., Killa, N.J. and Buhler, T.C. 2009. HLAAssociated clinical progression correlates with Eptitope reversion rates in early human immunodeficiency virus infection. Journal of Virology, 83(3): 1228-1239.

Dugas, L., Cohen, R., Carstens, M.T., Schoffelen, P.F.M., Luke, A., Durazo-Arvizu, R.A., Goedecke, J.H., Levitt, N.S. and Lambert, E.V. 2009. Total daily energy expenditure in black and white, lean and obese South African women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63: 667-673.

Eisman, S., Ngwanya, R.M., Pillay, K. and Khumalo, N.P. 2009. Whorled follicor keratosis, scarring alopecia in ichthyosis follicularis atrichia with photophobia syndrome. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 23(1): 835-862.

Ellaway, R. and Masters, K. 2008. AMEE: Guide 32: e-Learning in medical education. Part 1: Learning, teaching and assessment. Medical Teacher, 30: 445-473.

Elsherbiny, D., Cohen, K., jansson, B., Smith, P.J., McIlleron, H. and Simonsson, U. 2009. Population pharmacokinetics of nevirapine in combination with rifampicin-based short course chemotherapy in HIV-and tuberculosis-infected South African patients. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 65: 71-80.

Engel, M.E., Zuhlke, L. and Roberstson, K. 2009. Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: Where are we now in South Africa? SA Heart, 6: 20-23.

Epstein, D. and Locketz, M.L. 2009. Oesophageal ulceration in HIV-infected patients. SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(2): 107-109.

Essop, M.F., Camp, H.S., Choi, C.S., Sharma, S., Fryer, R.M., Reinhart, G.A., Guthrie, P.H., Bentebibel, A., Gu, Z., Shulman, G.I., Taegtmeyer, H., Wakil, S.J. and Abu-Elheiga, L. 2008. Reduced heart size and increased myocardial fuel substrate oxidation in ACC2 mutant mice. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 295: H256-H265.

Faergemann, J., Todd, G., Pather, S., Vawda, Z.F.A., Gillies, J.D., Walford, T., Barranco, C., Quiring, J.N. and Briones, M. 2009. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, dosefinding study of oral pramiconazole in the treatment of pityiasis versicolor. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 61: 971-976.

Ferrand, R.A., Corbett, E.L., Wood, R., Hargrove, J., Ndhlovu, C., Cowan, F.M., Gouws, E. and Williams, B. 2009. AIDS among older children and adolescents in Southern Africa: projecting the time course and magnitude of the epidemic. AIDS, 23(15): 2039-2046.

Ferreira, M. and Kalula, S.Z. 2009. Ageing, women and health: emerging caregiving needs in sub-Saharan African countries. Bold, 19(4): 2-12.

Ferreira, M. and Kalula, S.Z. 2009. Human Rights and ageing in South Africa. Bold, 19(3): 2-6.

Ford, N., Nachega, J.B., Engel, M. and Mills, E. 2009. Directly observed antiretroviral therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials. Lancet, 374: 2064-2071.

Fox, Z., Phillips, A.N., Cohen, C., Neuhaus, J.A., Baxter, J., Emery, S., Hirschel, B., Hullsiek, K.H., Stephan, C., Lundgren, J., Wood, R. and Orrell, C. 2008. Viral re-suppression and detection of drug resistance following interruption of a suppressive NNRTI-based regimen. AIDS, 22(17): 2279-2289.

Futter, M.J., Heckmann, J.M and Greenberg, L.J.H.L. 2009. Predictive testing for Huntington disease in a developing country. Clinical Genetics, 75(1): 92-97.

Goedecke, J.H., Dave, J.A., Faulenbach, M.V., Utzshneider, K.M., Lambert, E.V., West, S., Collins, M., Olsson, T., Walker, B., Seckl, J., Kahn, S.E. and Levitt, N.S. 2009. Insulin response in relation to insulin sensitivity. Diabetes Care, 32(5): 860-865,

Goedecke, J.H., Levitt, N.S., Lambert, E.V., Utzshneider, K.M., Faulenbach, M.V., Dave, J.A., West, S.J., Victor, H.S., Evans, J., Olsson, T., Walker, B., Seckl, J. and Kahn, S.E. 2009. Differential Effects of Abdominal Adipose Tissue Distribution on Insulin Sensitivity in Black and White South African Women. Obesity, 17: 1506-1512,

Gounden, R., Bamford, C., Van Zyl-Smit, R., Cohen, K. and Maartens, G. 2009. Safety and effectiveness of colistin compared with tobramycin for multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections. BMC Infectious Diseases, 9:26. [Online]. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2334/9/26.

Harkins, G.W., Delport, W., Duffy, S., Wood, N., Monjane, A., Owor, B., Donaldson, L.E., Saumtally, S., Triton, G., Briddon, R., Shepherd, D.N., Rybicki, E.P., Martin, D. and Varsani, A. 2009. Experimental evidence indicating that mastreviruses probably did not co-diverge with their hosts. Virology Journal, 6:104. [Online]. http://www.virologyj.com/content/6/1/104.

Harkins, G.W., Duffy, S., Monjane, A., Shepherd, D.N., Windram, O.P., Owor, B., Donaldson, L.E., Van Antwerpen, T., Sayed, R., Sayed, R.A., Flett, B., Ramusi, M., Rybicki, E.P., Peterschmitt, M., Varsani, A., Martin, D. and Varsani, A. 2009. Dating the origins of the maize-adapted strain of maize streak virus, MSV-A. Journal of General Virology, 90: 3066-3074.

Harries, A.D., Zachariah, R. and Lawn, S.D. 2009. Providing HIV care for co-infected tuberculosis patients: a perspective from sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 13(1): 6-16.

Hatherill, M., Adams, V., Hughes, E.J., de Kock, M., Mavakla, W., Pienaar, B., Mahomed, H., Hussey, G.D. and Hanekom, W.A. 2009. The potential impact of helminth infection on trials of novel tuberculosis vaccines. Vaccine, 27: 4743-4744.

Hatherill, M., Hawkridge, A.J., Zar, H.J., Whitelaw, A.C., Tameris, M.D., Workman, L.J., Geiter, L., Hanekom, W.A. and Hussey, G.D. 2009. Induced sputum or gastric lavage for community-based diagnosis of childhood pulmonary tuberculosis? Archives of Disease in Childhood, 95(3): 195-201.

Heradien, M., Revera, M., van der Merwe, L., Goosen, A., Corfield, V., Brink, P., Mayosi, B.M. and Moolman-Smook, J.C. 2009. Abnormal blood pressure response to exercise occurs more frequently in hypertophric cardiomyopathy patients with the R92W troponin T mutation than in those with myosin mutations. Heart Rhythm, 6: S18-S24.

Hiss, D. and Gabriels, G.A. 2009. Implications of endoplasmic reticulum stress, the unfolded protein response and apoptosis for molecular cancer therapy. Part I: targeting p53, Mdm2, GADD153/CHOP, GRP78/BiP and heat shock proteins. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery, 4(8): 799-821.

Hiss, D. and Gabriels, G.A. 2009. Implications of endoplasmic reticulum stress, the unfolded protein response and apoptosis for molecular cancer therapy. Part II: targeting cell cycle events, caspases, NF-kB and the proteasome. Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery, 4(9): 907-921.

Hitzeroth, I.I., Passmore, J.S., Shephard, E.G., Stewart, D., Muller, M., Williamson, A.-L., Rybicki, E.P. and Kast, W.M. 2009. Immunogenicity of an HPV-16 L2 DNA vaccine. Vaccine, 27(45): 6432-6434.

Hohman, M., Gregory, K., Chibale, K., Smith, P.J., Ekins, S. and Bunin, B. 2009. Novel web based tools combining chemistry informatics, biology and social networks for drug discovery. Drug Discovery Today, 14(5/6): 261-270.

Jarvis, J.N., Boulle, A.M., Loyse, A., Bicanic, T., Rebe, K., Williams, A., Harrison, T. and Meintjes, G. 2009. High ongoing burden of cryptococcal disease in Africa despite antiretroviral roll out. AIDS, 23(9): 1182-1183.

Jarvis, J.N., Lawn, S.D., Vogt, M.C., Bangani, N.M., Wood, R. and Harrison, T. 2009. Screening for Cryptococcal Antigenemia in Patients Accessing an Antiiretroviral Treatment Program in South Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48(1): 856-862.

Jaspan, H.B., Li, R., Johnson, L.F. and Bekker, L. 2009. The emerging need for adolescent focused HIV care in South Africa. Southern African Journal of HIV medicine, 2009: 9-11.

Jennings, C., Lambert, E.V., Collins, M., Levitt, N.S. and Goedecke, J.H. 2009. The atypical presentation of the metabolic syndrome components in black African women: the relationship with insulin resistance and the influence of regional adipose tissue distribution. Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental, 58: 149-157.

Jouven, X., Schwartz, P.J., Escolano, S., Straczek, C., Tafflet, M., Desnos, M., Empana, J.P. and Ducimetiere, P. 2009. Excessive heart rate increase during mild mental stress in preparation for exercise predicts sudden death in the general population. European Heart Journal, 30: 1703-1710.

Kalsdorf, B., Scriba, T.J., Wood, K.A., Day, C., Dheda, K., Dawson, R., Hanekom, W.A., Lange, C. and Wilkinson, R.J. 2009. HIV-1 Infection Impairs the Bronchoalveolar T-Cell Response to Mycobacteria. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 180: 1262-1270.

Karim, S.S.A., Churchyard, G.J., Abdool-Karim, Q. and Lawn, S.D. 2009. HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa: an urgent need to escalate the public health response. Lancet, 374: 921-933.

Karthikeyan, G. and Mayosi, B.M. 2009. Is Primary Prevention of Rheumatic Fever the Missing Link in the Control of Rheumatic Heart Disease in Africa. Circulation, 120: 709-713.

Keeton, G.R. 2009. Lionel Stein (26/10/1918 - 17/08/2008). South African Medical Journal, 99(12): 862.

Keiser, O., McPhail, K., Boulle, A.M., Wood, R., Schechter, M., Dabis, F., Sprinz, E. and Egger, M. 2009. Accuracy of WHO CD4 cell count criteria for virological failure of antiretroviral therapy. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 14(10): 1220-1225.

Keiser, O., Tweya, H., Boulle, A.M., Braitstein, P., Schechter, M., Brinkhof, M.W.G., Dabis, F., Tuboi, S., Sprinz, E., Pujades-Rodriguez, M., Calmy, A., Kumarasamy, N., Nash, D.,

Jahn, A., MacPhail, P., Luthey, R., Wood, R. and Egger, M. 2009. Switching to second-line antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings: Comparison of programmes with and without viral load monitoring. AIDS, 23(14): 1867-1874.

Kenyon, C., Dlamini, S., Boulle, A.M., White, R.G. and Badri, M. 2009. A network-level explanation for the differences in HIV prevalence in South Africa's Racial Groups. African Journal of AIDS Research, 8(3): 243-254.

Kevany, S., Meintjes, G., Rebe, K., Maartens, G. and Cleary, S. 2009. Clinical and financial burdens of secondary level care in a public sector antiretroviral roll-out setting (G F Jooste Hospital). SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(5): 320-325.

Kew, M.C. 2009. Hepatic iron overload and hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Letters, 286: 38-43.

Khumalo, N.P., Stone, J., Gumedze, F.N., McGrath, E., Ngwanya, R.M. and De Berker, D. 2009. 'Relaxers' damage hair: evidence from amino acid analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 62(3): 402-408.

Kredo, T., Van der Walt, J.-S., Siegfried, N. and Cohen, K. 2009. Therapeutic drug monitoring of antiretrovirals for people with HIV. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1(4): 1-64.

Kuper, H., Nicholson, A., Kivimaki, M., Aitsi-Selmi, A., Cavalleri, G., Deanfield, J.E., Heuschmann, P., Jouven, X., Malyutina, S., Mayosi, B.M., Sans, S., Thomsen, T., Witteman, J.C.M., Hingorani, A.D., Lawlor, D.A. and Hemingway, H. 2009. Evaluating the causal relevance of diverse risk markers: horizontal systematic review. British Medical Journal, 339(b4265): 1-11.

Lacerda, L., Somers, S., Opie, L.H. and Lecour, S. 2009. Ischaemic postconditioning protects against reperfusion injury via the SAFE pathway. Cardiovascular Research, 84: 201-208.

Lategan, C.A., Campbell, W.E., Kellerman, T. and Smith, P.J. 2009. The bioactivity of novel furanoterpenoids isolated from Siphomochilus aethiopicus. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 121: 92-97.

Lategan, C.A., Kellerman, T., Afolayan, A.F., Mann, M., Antunes, E., Smith, P.J., Bolton, J.J. and Beukes, D. 2009. Antiplasmodial and antimicrobial activities of South African marine algal extracts. Pharmaceutical Biology, 47(5): 408-413.

Latib, A., Cosgrave, J. and Colombo, A. 2009. Bimodal distribution of angiographic measures of restenosis: what does it mean? Heart, 95: 1556-1558.

Lawn, S.D. and Churchyard, G.J. 2009. Epidemiology of HIV-associated tuberculosis. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS, 4: 325-333.

Lawn, S.D., Edwards, D. and Wood, R. 2009. Tuberculosis transmission from patients with smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48: 496-497.

Lawn, S.D., Edwards, D., Kranzer, K., Vogt, M.C., Bekker, L. and Wood, R. 2009. Urine lipoarabinomannan assay for tuberculosis screening before antiretroviral therapy diagnostic yield and association with immune reconstitution disease. AIDS, 23: 1875-1880.

Lawn, S.D., Little, F., Bekker, L., Kaplan, R., Campbel, E., Orrell, C. and Wood, R. 2009. Changing mortality risk associated with CD4 cell response to antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. AIDS, 23: 335-342.

Lawn, S.D., Myer, L., Edwards, D., Bekker, L. and Wood, R. 2009. Short-term and long-term risk of tuberculosis associated with CD4 cell recovery during antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. AIDS, 23(1): 1717-1725.

Lawn, S.D., Wainwright, H.C. and Orrell, C. 2009. Fatal unmasking tuberculosis immune reconstitution disease with bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia: the role of macrophages. AIDS, 23: 143-145.

Lawn, S.D., Wood, R. and Kranzer, K. 2009. Antiretroviral Therapy for control of the HIVassociated Tuberculosis Epidemic in Resource-Limited Settings. Clinics in Chest Medicine, 30: 685-699.

Lawry, R., Martin, D., Shepherd, D.N., Van Antwerpen, T. and Varsani, A. 2009. A novel sugarcane-infecting mastrevirus from South Africa. Archives of Virology, 154: 1699-1703.

Lecour, S. 2009. Activation of the protective Survivor Activating Factor Enhancement (SAFE) pathway against reperfusion injury: Does it go beyond the RISK pathway? Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 47: 32-40.

Lecour, S. 2009. Multiple protective pathway against reperfusion injury: A SAFE without Aktion? Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 46: 607-609.

Leisegang, R., Cleary, S., Hislop, M., Davidse, A.J., Regensberg, L., Little, F. and Maartens, G. 2009. Early and Late Direct Costs in a Southern African Antiretroviral Treatment Programme: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis. PloS Medicine, 6(12): e1000189.

Liu, J., Ahiekpor, A., Li, L., Arbuthnot, P.B., Kew, M.C. and Feitelson, M.A. 2009. Increased expression of ErbB-2 in liver is associated with hepatitis B x antigen and shorter survival in patients with liver cancer. International Journal of Cancer, 125: 1894-1901.

Lodewijk, L., Mall, A.S., Spearman, W. and Kahn, D. 2009. Effect of Liver Regeneration on the Pharmacokinetics of Immunosuppressive Drugs. Transplantation Proceedings, 41: 379-381.

London, L. and Kalula, S.Z. 2009. A survey of trainee specialists experiences at the University of Cape Town (UCT): Impacts of race and gender. BMC Medical Education, 9:26.

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Lopes de Campos, W.R., Coopusamy, D., Morris, L., Mayosi, B.M. and Khati, M. 2009. Cytotoxicological analysis of a gp120 binding aptamer with cross-clade human immunodeficiency virus type 1 entry inhibition properties: comparison to conventional antiretrovirals. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 53(7): 3056-3064.

Losina, E., Toure, H., Uhler, L.M., Anglaret, X., Paltiel, A.D., Balestre, E., Walensky, R.P., Messou, E., Weinstein, M., Dabis, F., Freedberg, K.A. and Wood, R. 2009. Cost-Effectiveness of preventing loss to follow-up in HIV treatmemt programs: A Cote d'Ivoire Appraisal. PloS Medicine, 5(10): e10000173.

Lundgren, J., Babiker, A., El-Sadr, W., Emery, S., Grund, B., Neaton, J.D., Neuhaus, J.A., Phillips, A.N., Wood, R. and Orrell, C. 2008. Inferior clinical outcome of the CD4+ cell countguided antiretroviral treatment interruption strategy in the SMART study: Role of CD4+ cell counts and HIV RNA levels during follow-up. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 197: 1145-1155.

Maartens, G., Decloedt, E.H. and Cohen, K. 2009. Effectiveness and safety of antiretrovirals with rifampicin: crucial issues for high-burden countries. Antiviral Therapy, 14: 1039-1043.

Mansoor, N., Scriba, T.J., de Kock, M., Tameris, M.D., Abel, B., Keyser, A.T., Little, F., Soares, A., Gelderbloem, S.J., Mlenjeni, M., Denation, L.A., Hawkridge, A.J., Boom, W.H., Kaplan, G., Hussey, G.D. and Hanekom, W.A. 2009. HIV-1 Infection in Infants Severely Impairs the Immune Response Induced by Bacille Calmette-Guerin Vaccine. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 199: 982-990.

Marais, S., Wilkinson, R.J., Pepper, D.J. and Meintjes, G. 2009. Management of Patients With the Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome. Current HIV/AIDS Report, 6(1):162-171.

Marks, D.J.B., Dheda, K., Dawson, R., Ainslie, G.M. and Miller, R.F. 2009. Adverse events to antituberculosis therapy: influence of HIV and antiretroviral drugs. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 20: 339-345.

Martineau, A.R., Nanzer, A.M., Satkunam, K.R., Packe, G., Rainbow, S.J., Maunsell, Z.J., Timms, P.M., Venton, T.R., Eldridge, S.M., Davidson, R., Wilkinson, R.J. and Griffiths, C. 2009. Influence of a single oral dose of vitamin D2 on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in tuberculosis patients. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 13(1): 119-125.

Mash, B., Rhode, H., Pather, M., Ainslie, G.M., Irusen, E., Bheekie, A. and Mayers, P.M. 2009. Quality of asthma care: Western Cape Province, South Africa. SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(12): 892-896.

Masters, K. 2008. Access to and use of the Internet by South African general practitioners. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 77: 778-786.

Masters, K. 2008. For what purpose and reasons do doctors use the internet: A systematic review. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 77: 4-16.

Masters, K. and Ellaway, R. 2008. e-Learning in medical education Guide 32. Part 2: Technology, management and design. Medical Teacher, 30: 474-489.

Mayosi, B.M. and Watkins, D.A. 2009. The contribution of South Africans to the subject of dilatetd cardiomyopathy. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 20(1): 11-16.

Mayosi, B.M., Flisher, A.J., Lalloo, U.G., Sitas, F., Tollman, S.M. and Bradshaw, D. 2009. The burden of non-communicable diseases in South Africa. Lancet, 374: 934-947.

McIlleron, H., Willemse, M., Werely, C.J., Hussey, G.D., Schaaf, H., Smith, P.J. and Donald, P.R. 2009. Isoniazid Plasma Concentrations in a Cohort of South African Children with Tuberculosis: Implications for International Pediatric Dosing Guidelines. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48: 1547-1553.

Meintjes, G., Rabie, H., Wilkinson, R.J. and Cotton, M. 2009. Tuberculosis-associated Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome and Unmasking of Tuberculosis by Antiretroviral Therapy. Clinics in Chest Medicine, 30: 797-810.

Meintjes, G., Rangaka, M.X., Maartens, G., Rebe, K., Morroni, C., Pepper, D.J., Wilkinson, K. and Wilkinson, R.J. 2009. Novel Relationship between Tubercolosis Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome and Antitubercular Drug resistance. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48: 667-676.

Mendelson, M. and Meintjes, G. 2009. Increasing the risk of nosocomial transmission of HIV: pitfalls and practices at a busy secondary level hospital with a high burden of HIV. The Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection, 24(1): 8-11.

Middelkoop, K., Bekker, L., Mathema, B., Shashkina, E., Kurepina, N., Whitelaw, A.C., Fallows, D., Morrow, C., Kreiswirth, B., Kaplan, G. and Wood, R. 2009. Molecular Epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a South African community with high HIV prevalence. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 200(8): 1207-1211.

Middelkoop, K., Bekker, L., Morrow, C., Zwane, E.N. and Wood, R. 2009. Childhood tuberculosis infection and disease: A spatial and temporal transmission analysis in a South African township. SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(10): 738-743.

Millar, A.J., Spearman, W. and Kahn, D. 2009. Editorial. Paediatric Liver Transplantation in South Africa in 2009. SAMJ South African Medical Journal, 99(5): 309.

Mocroft, A., Wyatt, C., Szczech, L., Neuhaus, J.A., El-Sadr, W., Tracy, R., Kuller, L., Shlipak, M., Angus, B., Klinker, H., Ross, M., Wood, R. and Orrell, C. 2009. Interruption of antiretroviral therapy is associated with increased plasma cystatin C. AIDS, 23(1): 71-82.

Muller, A., Myer, L. and Jaspan, H.B. 2009. Virological suppression achieved with suboptimal adherence levels among South African children receiving boosted protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 48: e3-5.

Murdoch, D., Corey, G.R., Hoen, B., Miro, J., Fowler Jr, V.G., Bayer, A., Karchmer, A.W., Olaison, L., Pappas, P.A., Moreillon, p., Chambers, S.T., Chu, V.H., Falco, V., Holland, D.J., Jones, P., Klein, J.L., Raymond, N.J., Read, K.M., Tripodi, M.F., Utili, R., Wang, A., Woods, C.W., Cabell, C.H., Commerford, A., Hansa, C., Deetlefs, E., Ntsekhe, M. and Commerford, P.J. 2009. Clinical presentation, etiology and outcome of infective endocarditis in the 21st century. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(5): 463-473.

Myers, J.E., Fine, J., Ormond-Brown, D., Fry, J., Thomson, A. and Thompson, M.L. 2009. Estimating the prevalence of clinical manganism using a cascaded screening process in South African manganese smelter. Neurotoxicology, 30: 934-940.

Nachega, J.B., Hislop, M., Nguyen, H., Dowdy, D., Chaisson, R., Regensberg, L., Cotton, M. and Maartens, G. 2009. Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence, Virologic and Immunologic Outcomes in Adolescents Compared With Adults in Southern Africa. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 51(1): 65-71.

Ngandu, N., Seoighe, C. and Scheffler, K.S. 2009. Evidence of HIV-1 adaptation to host HLA alleses following chimp-to-human transmission. Virology Journal, 164:6. [Online].http://www.virologyj.com/content/6/1/164.

Nicol, M.P., Davies, M., Wood, K.A., Hatherill, M., Workman, L.J., Hawkridge, A.J., Eley, B.S., Wilkinson, K., Wilkinson, R.J., Hanekom, W.A., Beatty, D.W. and Hussey, G.D. 2009. Comparison of T-SPOT.TB Assay and Tuberculin Skin Test for the Evaluation of Young Children at High Risk for Tuberculosis in a Community Setting. Pediatrics, 123(1): 38-43.

Nieuwenhuizen, N., Jeebhay, M.F. and Lopata, A.L. 2009. Approaches to diagnosing Anisakis Allergy. Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology, 22(3): 132-138.

Nkwanyana, N., Gumbi, P., Roberts, L., Denny, L.A., Hanekom, W.A., Soares, A., Allan, B.R., Williamson, A.-L., Coetzee, D.J., Olivier, A., Burgers, W. and Passmore, J.S. 2009. Impact of human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection and inflammation on the composition and yield of cervical mononuclear cells in the female genital tract. Immunology, 128(1): e746-e757.

Novitzky, N., Thomas, V., Du Toit, C.E. and McDonald, A.B. 2009. Reduced-intensity conditioning for severe aplasia using fludarabine and CY followed by infusion of ex vivo Tcell depleted grafts leads to excellent engraftment and absence of GVHD. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 43: 779-785.

Ntsekhe, M. and Mayosi, B.M. 2009. Cardiac manifestations of HIV infection: an African perpspective. Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine, 6(2): 120-127.

Ntusi, N. and Chin, A. 2009. Characterisation of peripartum cardiomyopathy by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. European Radiology, 19: 1324-1325.

Ntusi, N. and Mayosi, B.M. 2009. Aetiology and risk factors of peripartum cardiomyopathy: A systematic review. International Journal of Cardiology, 131: 168-179.

Okpechi, I., Kadari, S., Salako, B.L. and Rayner, B.L. 2009. Renal acid excretion in hypertensive black Africans. Nephrology Reviews, 1(1): e2.

Opie, L.H. 2009. Carolic restriction models reverse metabolic syndrome. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 53(10): 898-903.

Opie, L.H. 2009. Hypertension, the changing pattern of drug usage. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 20(1): 52-56.

Opie, L.H. and Knuuti, J. 2009. The Adrenergic-Fatty Acid Load in Hear Failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 54(18): 1637-1646.

Orrell, C., Walensky, R.P., Losina, E., Pitt, J.A., Freedberg, K.A. and Wood, R. 2009. HIV type-1 clade C resistance genotypes in treatment-naive patients and after first virological failure in a large community antiretroviral therapy programme. Antiviral Therapy, 14: 523-531.

Osler, M., Stead, D., Rebe, K., Meintjes, G. and Boulle, A.M. 2009. Risk factors for and clinical characteristics of severe hyperlactataemia in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy: A Case-control study. HIV Medicine, 2009: 9. [Online].

Pan, W., Matizirofa, L., Workman, L.J., Hawkridge, T., Hanekom, W.A., Mahomed, H., Hussey, G.D. and Hatherill, M. 2009. Comparison of Mantoux and Tine Tuberculin Skin Tests in BCG-Vaccinated Children Investigated for Tuberculosis. PLoS ONE, 4(11): e8085.

Park, H.H., Girdler-Brown, B.V., Churchyard, G.J., White, N.W. and Ehrlich, R.I. 2009. Incidence of Tuberculosis and HIV and Progression of Silicosis and Lung Function Impairment Among Former Basotho Gold Miners. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 52: 901-908.

Patel, V.B., Bhigjee, A.I., Paruk, H.F., Singh, R., Meldau, R., Connolly, C., Ndung'u, T. and Dheda, K. 2009. Utility of a novel lipoarabinomannan assay for the diagnosis of tuberculosis meningitis in a resource-poor high-HIV prevalence setting. Cerebrospinal fluid research, 6(13): 1-6.

Pathai, S., Deshpande, A., Gilbert, C. and Lawn, S.D. 2009. Prevalence of HIV-associated ophthalmic disease among patients enrolling for antiretroviral treatment in India: A crosssectional study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 9:158. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-9-158.

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Pedersen, M., Chukwujekwu, J., Lategan, C.A., Van Staden, J., Smith, P.J. and Staerk, D. 2009. Antimalarial sesquiterpene lactones from Distephanus angulifolius. Phytochemistry, 70(1): 601-607.

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Rayner, B.L. and Schoeman, H.S. 2009. A cross-sectional study of blood pressure control in hypertensive patients in general practice (the I-TARGET study). Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 20(4): 224-227.

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